Some might say that the BUBBAs started at a crossroads. Others who are less dramatically inclined might just say that the first ever Best Urban BMP in the Bay Award went to a green street project at the intersection of Plum and Walnut in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Located at the intersection of North Plum Street and East Walnut Street, the site of numerous vehicle accidents from a confusing merge lane, the Plum and Walnut Green Intersection Project integrated green infrastructure (GI), enhanced pedestrian amenities and a roadway realignment to improve traffic safety and reduce stormwater runoff.
The GI project included a series of BMPs including bioretention, permeable pavers, infiltration beds, and tree plantings. The combination of practices infiltrate, capture, and reuse rainfall, all while providing an aesthetically pleasing amenity for local businesses near the intersection. One of the happiest customers may be the neighboring micro-brewery, who benefitted from a new outdoor café/seating area surrounded by native plantings and an attractive curvilinear planter with a seatwall that divides the public and private spaces. A combination cistern–public art amenity was also incorporated into the overall project, capturing 700 gallons of stormwater from the brewery’s roof to be used for watering plants. The cistern–art project was constructed from stainless steel and native black locust wood and designed as an urban version of a metal grain silo, paying homage to Lancaster’s agrarian culture and the production of beer itself.
Traffic calming and pedestrian safety was accomplished by constructing the vegetated curb extensions, new ADA ramps, crosswalks, and signal upgrades. The curb extensions aid pedestrians crossing both streets by narrowing the cartway width on these heavily trafficked roadways.
The impacts were realized immediately, as the project resulted in a 5 mph reduction in traffic speeds through the busy, gateway intersection into downtown Lancaster. The BMPs also prevent 1.4 million gallons of stormwater runoff, 120 lb TNs and 50 lbs TP from entering the Conestoga River every year.
Despite all its successes – it was awarded 1st place in the “Best Ultra-Urban Project” category by the BUBBAs judges, then named the Grand Prize winner of the inaugural contest by the People’s Choice vote – the Plum and Walnut Green Intersection project did not rest on its laurels. In the seven years since its completion, the City of Lancaster continues to learn from, and improve upon the project. Among the initial challenges were perfecting the planting palette and dealing with high sediment loads rushing off adjacent surfaces and into the new bioretentions.
The initial planting palette consisted of grasses and winterberry that are native to Pennsylvania. However, the City quickly realized that the sandy soil media and high levels of road salt created conditions that those plants weren’t used to, resulting in high rates of die-off. Replanted in 2014, the bioretentions now include a mix of Mid-Atlantic native coastal grasses, planted tightly together and without mulch. The salt-tolerant plants are now thriving in the sandy, salty soils of a street-side bioretention.
The project also was plagued early-on by a deluge of sediment-laden runoff from an adjacent alley. The stone cobble in the forebay was quickly overwhelmed by sediment, creating a maintenance nightmare for the City and potentially reducing the effectiveness of the BMPs. To solve the problem, they decided to remove the stone cobbles in the forebay and replace them with poured concrete and an energy dissipater. The new solution allowed maintenance staff to more quickly identify sediment build-up in the forebay, and quickly clean it out with a simple flat-edged shovel.
In some ways the Plum and Walnut Green Intersection project exemplifies what the BUBBAs is about. It shows that even the best projects can be learning experiences. We share our successes and our failures so that we fix what we can and then build something better the next time. That is why, in the 5th year of the Best Urban BMP in the Bay Awards, no two contests have been exactly the same. CSN is always striving to improve the BUBBAs, and we hope 2021 will be the best yet.